Professional Biography

Dr. Frye’s first teaching and research appointment was abroad at Cambridge University. He returned to the United States to pursue research in computer science at Yale and subsequently resumed teaching and research at New York University. He joined the faculty at Penn GSE in 1998.

Research Interests and Current Projects

The goal of the second research effort is to understand how children initially acquire mathematical reasoning skills. This research assesses the cognitive changes that occur in early math learning and employs that information to design interactive classroom and computer settings to improve math understanding. Present projects include collaborating with urban Head Start centers to support emergent numeracy and social competence to ensure young children’s readiness for the transition to school.


Ph.D. (Psychology) Yale University, 1978.

B.A. (Psychology and Philosophy) University College, New York University, 1973.

Areas of Expertise

Children’s theory of mind

Cognitive development

Early mathematical development

Human development

Teaching Interests

Selected Publications